There is increasing evidence that the plants of today’s Amazonian rain forest are the product of ancient populations activities and management practices. Instead of widely scattered resources, many of the economically important tree species occur in groves. Thus, archaeological inquiry includes how the historicity of human management practices led to the forest as we know it today and the articulation between different types of plants in niches. The paleoethnobotanical data, direct evidence of plant use, that archaeologists can currently draw upon comes from far-flung corners of the Amazon and different time periods. As such, this talk and discussion will focus on a few windows into human management of ancient Amazonia, but we can not see the entire ‘landscape’.

En esta presentación analizo tres modelos arquitectónicos de casas en la población afrocolombiana de San Basilio de Palenque. Este análisis se basa en la idea de que la casa, como una segunda piel, puede entenderse como una extensión del cuerpo de las personas. De esta manera, la estructura arquitectónica (espacialidad), así como sus materiales y objetos son aspectos correspondientes del poder de subjetivación del espacio. ¿Qué cambios se observan en estos tres modelos de casas en Palenque? ¿Qué cambia, que no y por qué? A partir de estas preguntas desarrollo una discusión en torno a la producción del espacio y los procesos de subjetivación asociados a éste en dos niveles: el primero entiende a los cambios y las persistencias como “soluciones locales” mediante las cuáles se hace frente a las tensiones generadas en la relación con el Estado y la sociedad circundante. El segundo se relaciona con el contexto social y económico interno de la comunidad.

El proyecto “Patrimonio y territorialidad: Percepciones del patrimonio entre las comunidades Tsimane, Tacana y Waiwai”, financiado por la Volkswagenstiftung y realizado de forma interdisciplinar y multiinstitucional, ha comenzado en marzo de este año. El proyecto pretende comprender las complejidades de las nociones indígenas de patrimonio basadas en el conocimiento local, conceptualizando formas de aprendizaje colectivo mediante la introducción de enfoques indígenas en un diálogo fructífero con la praxis antropológica, arqueológica, ecológica y estudios de materialidades.

Mapping the archaeological remains of entire settlements is challenged by hidden or buried features, modern disturbances, and contested lands. However, the degree of completeness of the known settlement structure has a significant impact on the interpretation of social issues such as population size, social structure, and political organization.

As part of my PhD project at the Bonn Center for Dependency and Slavery Studies, I am reconstructing a representative proportion of the settlement structure in the western periphery of the Late Classic Maya site Tzikin Tzakan. This is possible through a multidimensional approach that combines conventional surface surveys with multiple remote sensing and ground-truthing methods. My talk will give a brief introduction to my theory of resource-based dependency. However, special emphasis is placed on methodology and problems.

El Chorro is a Maya site located in the extreme west of the Petén department of Guatemala, and slightly south. The most famous ruler of El Chorro is Aj K’an Maax, who acceded to the throne on May 7, 743 CE. Under his rule, El Chorro was involved in several military conflicts with other sites in the region. He is also the ruler with the most monuments built and the most prestigious titles.
This talk will present the results of my research on the known corpus of inscribed monuments from El Chorro. Using new drawings, I will give a brief overview of the history of the site, as well as introduce the major actors in the inscriptions. Contacts with other sites and interesting epigraphic features will be shown as well.

What objects of literary study are produced by Mayan cultures from the 20th century to the present? When it comes to written output, modern production norms identify many of these literary objects as “books”. But adherence to the concept of a book as a universal object that occurs in cultures with writing rather than as a historically and culturally specific object oversimplify practices of engaging with written language around the world. Being presented with a “book” provides the conceptual and physical framework for processes of engaging with written language. Through knowledge about what books are and how they work, assumptions are made about how experiences are extracted from literary objects. When applied to written output by or associated with Mayan authors, this complicates our ability to identify how these authors contribute to and experiment with Mayan traditions of written language.

What were the environmental and cultural contexts for the development of small-scale fisheries in Latin America? How might knowledge of past fisheries contribute to current management strategies? Archaeology, history and local knowledge provide crucial insights into past marine and coastal ecology, and their relations with human societies over time. This talk will present new data coming from recent excavations of shell mounds in Southern Brazil, and a newly generated isotopic dataset of human and animal remains from shell mounds in Babitonga Bay, Santa Catarina, aiming at characterising fishing practices during the Holocene in relation to cultural and climatic changes happening during this period.

Das Wintersemester hat begonnen und kommenden Montag starten wir mit dem ersten Vortrag unserer montäglichen Ringvorlesung, zudem wir Sie herzlich einladen. Eric Dyrdahl von der Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador spricht zum Thema „Feasting and Gifting in Prehispanic Highland Northern Ecuador (800 cal BCE – 1000 cal CE)”.

die Abteilung für Altamerikanistik lädt Sie hier Sie zu unseren nächsten Veranstaltung am 27.06.2022 ein.
Astrid Windus, von der Universität zu Köln widmet sich in ihrem Vortrag ihrem DFG-Forschungsprojekt „Religiosität, Materialität und de Konstruktion religiösen Wissens im Kontext kolonialer Herrschaft. Sajama und Sabaya, 16. -19.Jahrhundert“ uns stellt erste Ergebnisse vor.